A Description of the Appraisal ProcessBuying a home can be the largest investment most of us could ever encounter. Whether it's a primary residence, an additional vacation home or one of many rentals, purchasing real property is an involved financial transaction that requires multiple people working in concert to make it all happen.
Most people are familiar with the parties having a role in the transaction. The real estate agent is the most known face in the transaction. Then, the lender provides the money required to bankroll the transaction. The title company makes sure that all requirements of the sale are completed and that a clear title transfers to the buyer from the seller.
So what party is responsible for making sure the value of the real estate is consistent with the purchase price? In comes the appraiser. We provide an unbiased opinion of what a buyer could expect to pay - or a seller receive - for a parcel of real estate, where both buyer and seller are informed parties. A professional Florida licensed appraiser from Neal F. Spangler Appraiser, Inc. will ensure you as an interested party are informed.
The inspection is where an appraisal startsOur first duty at Neal F. Spangler Appraiser, Inc. is to inspect the property to determine its true status. We must actually see features, such as the number of bedrooms and bathrooms, the location, amenities, etc., to ensure they indeed are present and are in the condition a typical person would expect them to be. The inspection often includes a sketch of the property, ensuring the square footage is correct and conveying the layout of the property. Most importantly, we look for any obvious features - or defects - that would have an impact on the value of the property.
Following the inspection, an appraiser employs two or three approaches when determining the value of the property: a paired sales analysis, a replacement cost calculation, and an income approach when rental properties are prevalent.
Replacement CostThis is where we analyze information on local building costs, labor rates and other factors to figure out how much it would cost to replace the property being appraised. This figure usually sets the maximum on what a property would sell for. It's also the least used method.
Sales ComparisonAppraisers become very familiar with the communities in which they work. We innately understand the value of certain features to the homeowners of that area. Then, the appraiser looks up recent transactions in the neighborhood and finds properties which are 'comparable' to the subject at hand. Using knowledge of the value of certain items such as upgraded appliances, extra bathrooms, an additional living area, quality of construction, lot size, we adjust the comparable properties so that they more accurately match the features of subject.
Valuation Using the Income ApproachA third method of valuing approach to value is sometimes used when an area has a reasonable number of renter occupied properties. In this case, the amount of revenue the real estate generates is factored in with other rents in the area for comparable properties to give an indicator of the current value.
Coming Up With the Final ValueCombining information from all applicable approaches, the appraiser is then ready to put down an estimated market value for the property at hand. The estimate of value on the appraisal report is not necessarily what's being paid for the property even though it is likely the best indication of what a property could sell for in an open market. There are always mitigating factors such as seller motivation, urgency or 'bidding wars' that may adjust an offer or listing price up or down. Regardless, the appraised value is typically employed as a guideline for lenders who don't want to loan a buyer more money than the property would likely sell for in an open marketplace. At the end of the day: An appraiser from Neal F. Spangler Appraiser, Inc. will guarantee you get the most fair and balanced property value, so you can make the most informed real estate decisions.